Role of symmetries
1 Why symmetries are necessary?
The problem is:
does not have nontrivial integration cycles
In order to get nontrivial integration cycles:
we have to consider the factorspace of over some symmetry of
2 What is symmetry?
An even vector field on is a symmetry if:
It preserves , i.e. is of the form ,
Lie derivative of along it is zero:
Since we assume that satisfies the Master Equation, this condition reduces to:
This equation describes both symmetries and deformations of the action.
When is odd, it corresponds to a symmetry; when is even, it corresponds to
a deformation of the action.
3 Construction of symmetries
It is important that is nilpotent:
This allows us to construct the symmetries very easily:

We will restrict ourselves to only considering symmetries of this form.