Algebra formed by covariant derivatives

We will start by relating the cohomology of (6) with some Lie algebra cohomology.

Pure spinor cohomology is related to the Lie algebra cohomology of some infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebra

So, we have to first define that infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebra. The definition is motivated by the super-Yang-Mills theory, and the resulting algebra is called SYM.

Let us proceed to its definition.

Classical equations of motion of the ten-dimensional super-Yang-Mills algebra are encoded in the constraints:

As a consequence of these constraints, there exist operators such that:

The actual definition of the operators and in the super-Yang-Mill theory is:

I am sorry for the abuse of notations; notice that and are completely different fields;
but in my notations the only difference between them is greek subindex vs. latin subindex .

Now let us forget about the ``internal structure'' of and given by (9)
and (10) and think of Eq. (7) as defining
relations in an
abstract algebra formed by the letters .

This is an infinite-dimensional algebra. Moreover, this is actually a quadratic algebra, because the constraint (7) is quadratic in generators.